The water restrictions in Cape Town no doubt had a negative effect on our gardens. Conserving water is our number one priority, but that doesn’t mean you can’t have a garden to be proud of. With hot weather approaching, we need to take some steps to prepare and protect our garden.
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Here are some top tips for creating a drought-tolerant garden that will make your neighbors jealous.
Do you have any more water-saving gardening tips for us? We would love to hear them.
1.GET THE RIGHT PLANTS
Plants that need a lot of water won’t survive during the summer months. Rather plant indigenous water-wise plants like fynbos or succulents. Make sure to get these new plants in the soil on a day that is expected to rain. This will help the new plants establish their roots.
Hardy plants that don’t need much water usually have similar characteristics. Look out for small needle-like foliage, grey foliage colour, hairy leaves, fleshy leaves, a waxy leaf surface, leaves that close up in dry spells, and leaves with a lighter shade underneath.
2. HARVEST WATER
Using recycled water in the garden is the only way to go. Make sure you use and re-use every drop. Only water when needed and do so in the morning or night when the sun is low.
Ways to recycle water for use in your garden:
Cooled cooking water
Rinsing water from dishes
Catch water in a bucket when you shower
Install a greywater system
Catch rainwater by installing a water tank
Re-consider your lawn and install paving or cobblestones instead. If you prefer the look of a lush green lawn, artificial/synthetic grass might be a better water-free option for you.
Reduce water evaporating from your soil by covering it in a layer of mulch. On a hot day, up to 70% of the moisture in your soil can be lost if it doesn’t have a protective layer. Avoid fine mulch that tends to clump as it can become water-repellent. Rather use a coarse mulch which allows water to seep through to the soil. Use generously, 8-10cm deep is ideal for garden beds.
Water-wise ground cover plants
Large rocks, pebbles, and decorative stones can be arranged to create beautiful rock gardens, especially when coupled with succulents and air plants.
This is ideal if you have large open areas that are exposed to the afternoon sun. Large rocks will help cover surface areas while creating a statement without the need of plants.
Make sure your soil holds the water you are giving it. Mulching will help, but what you put inside the soil will help it retain water for longer. This is even more important when you have pots or container plants. you don’t want all that precious water to just run out the bottom.
Add these to dry/sandy soil:
7. CREATE SHADE
Protect your garden from the sun by creating shade. If you have a herb garden, cover it with a shade cloth in the hot summer months to prevent water loss.
Plant fast growing indigenous and water-wise shrubs and trees to protect your smaller plants from the elements.
8.MORE QUICK TIPS:
Remove water-hungry weeds regularly.
Replace terracotta pots with glazed clay pots or others made from less porous materials.
Remove any water-hungry plants that will suck up the moisture from your soil.
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